Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
190,351
12.3% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.8
2.27% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
15.2%
1.64% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$59,196
8.96% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$216,900
20.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
77,561
15% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL had a population of 190k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $59,196. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL declined from 217,149 to 190,351, a −12.3% decrease and its median household income grew from $54,328 to $59,196, a 8.96% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (46.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (17.8%), Other (Hispanic) (12.5%), White (Hispanic) (10.3%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (7.19%).

31.6% of the households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.6% of the residents in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are Polk State College (2,489 degrees awarded in 2022), Florida Polytechnic University (430 degrees), and Ridge Technical College (234 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was $216,900, and the homeownership rate was 69.6%.

Most people in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL is home to a population of 190k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 12.7% of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL residents were born outside of the country (24.1k people).

In 2022, there were 2.63 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (88.9k people) in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.8k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are Spanish (44,284 households), Haitian (7,223 households), and Portuguese (676 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
91,411
Women
51.2%
86,985
Men
48.8%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 178,396 inhabitants, with 48.8% men, and 51.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

92.6%
2022 Citizenship
93.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 92.6% of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was 93.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    88.9k ± 2.82k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    33.9k ± 2.05k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    23.8k ± 2.96k
30.7%
Hispanic Population
58.5k people

In 2022, there were 2.63 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (88.9k people) in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.8k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

30.7% of the people in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are hispanic (58.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Haiti
    4,431 ± 1,614 people
  2. Mexico
    4,036 ± 1,542 people
  3. Venezuela
    1,271 ± 872 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was Haiti, the natal country of 4,431 Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL residents, followed by Mexico with 4,036 and Venezuela with 1,271.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
24.1k people
11.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
25.8k people

As of 2022, 12.7% of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL residents (24.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was 11.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    44,284 households (24.8%)
  2. Haitian
    7,223 households (4.05%)
  3. Portuguese
    676 households (0.379%)

31.6% of the households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was Spanish. 24.8% of the households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,732 ± 473
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,786 ± 294
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,126 ± 228

Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL employs 77.6k people. The largest industries in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are Amusement & Recreation (8,055 people), Construction (6,148 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (6,008 people), and the highest paying industries are Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($137,303), Electric lighting & electrical equipment manufacturing, & other electrical component manufacturing, n.e.c. ($129,451), and Wholesale electronic markets & agents & brokers ($108,600).

Males in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,092. The income inequality in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.4, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
41,386
Women
48.8%
43,389
Men
51.2%

The workforce of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL in 2020 was 84,775 people, with 48.8% woman, and 51.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL.

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Occupations

77.6k
2022 Value
−15%
1 Year decline
± −15%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL declined at a rate of −15%, from 91.2k employees to 77.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, are Cashiers (2,841 people), Customer service representatives (2,495 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,118 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

77.6k
2022 Value
−15%
1 Year decline
± −15%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL declined at a rate of −15%, from 91.2k employees to 77.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, are Amusement & Recreation (8,055 people), Construction (6,148 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (6,008 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, though some of these residents may live in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,624
Median earning men ± $1,355
$30,686
Median earning women ± $1,323

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,710), Public Administration ($53,370), and Information ($52,500).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($67,614), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,648), and Information ($45,446).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
4.23%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.69M people employed in Florida. This represents a 4.23% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 12.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Florida went to Donald J. Trump with 51.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.635%).

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 28 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL awarded 3,153 degrees. The student population of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,304 male students and 5,872 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are White (1,658 and 53.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (767 and 24.7%), Black or African American (449 and 14.5%), and Two or More Races (89 and 2.87%).

The largest universities in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL by number of degrees awarded are Polk State College (2,489 and 78.9%), Florida Polytechnic University (430 and 13.6%), and Ridge Technical College (234 and 7.42%).

The most popular majors in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,348 and 42.8%), Registered Nursing (222 and 7.04%), and Other Business Administration, Management, & Operations (222 and 7.04%).

The median tuition cost in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL for a public four year colleges is $2,818 for in-state students and $6,543 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2022 in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 56%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 10,176 (42.3% men and 57.7% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 10,176 students enrolled in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, 42.3% men and 57.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,744 records, of which 55.1% were women and 44.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 120 degrees awarded
  2. 33 degrees awarded
  3. 1,297 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was Registered Nursing with 120 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,489 degrees awarded
  2. 430 degrees awarded
  3. 234 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Polk State College with 2,489 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 1,342 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL, which is 0.741 times less than the 1,811 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,658 degrees mean that there were 2.16 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 767 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, less-than 2-year ($3,800) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,336) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.77% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.75% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (50.6k), Some college (32.2k), and Secondary Education (19.1k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was $216,900 in 2022, which is 0.769 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $180,200 to $216,900, a 20.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL is 69.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL have an average commute time of 31.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL is $59,196. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was Broward County (West) Weston, Sunrise (S), Davie (W) Cities & Southwest Ranches Town PUMA, FL with a value of $132,692, followed by St. Johns County (Northwest) PUMA, FL and Broward County (NNW)--Coral Springs (North), Parkland, & Coconut Creek (North) Cities PUMA, FL, with respective values of $130,719 and $119,820.

Property

$216,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,646
$46,774
Median Property Taxes
±$1,773

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.6%
Homeownership
2022
67%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69.6% of the housing units in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was Broward County (West) Weston, Sunrise (S), Davie (W) Cities & Southwest Ranches Town PUMA, FL with a value of $132,692, followed by St. Johns County (Northwest) PUMA, FL and Broward County (NNW)--Coral Springs (North), Parkland, & Coconut Creek (North) Cities PUMA, FL, with respective values of $130,719 and $119,820.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,196
Median Household Income
± $2,800
67.2k
Number of Households
± 2,398

In 2022, the median household income of the 67.2k households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL grew to $59,196 from the previous year's value of $54,328.

The following chart displays the households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.4
2022 Wage GINI in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL
0.416
2021 Wage GINI in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL

In 2022, the income inequality in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was 0.4 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.96% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.72%)
  3. Carpooled (6.09%)

In 2022, 82.3% of workers in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.72%) and those who carpooled to work (6.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL have a longer commute time (31.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.74% of the workforce in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL (28.7k out of 188k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

86.2% of the population of Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL has health coverage, with 38% on employee plans, 17.3% on Medicaid, 14.3% on Medicare, 15.3% on non-group plans, and 1.31% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Florida see 1372 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1385 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1631 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 546 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
1,372 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Florida

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,372 patients per year. This represents a 0.939% decrease from the previous year (1,385 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.4% under 18 years, 21.5% between 18 and 34 years, 36.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.1% were men and 51.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

13.8%
Uninsured
38%
Employer Coverage
17.3%
Medicaid
14.3%
Medicare
15.3%
Non-Group
1.31%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL grew by 1.61% from 13.6% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Polk County (Northeast) PUMA, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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